Advertising is an industry with a short but significant history. The more we know about what happened before and how we arrived in this state of digital disruption, the more prepared we will be as individuals and as in industry to solve today’s and tomorrow’s communications challenges.
To this end, I am now preparing to deliver live workshops custom made for ad agencies (one in particular, at this time). The workshops are designed to strengthen the creative department’s muscles. During the workshops, we will run through the significant industry epochs, historical figures who worked to shape the industry that we inherited, and the legendary ads that continue to serve as guideposts for today’s ad makers. The business is now ours to mold and to remake, but to properly do this and effectively break the rules, we must first know the rules, and why and how they were put in place.
The workshop will introduce a cast of charters from the past including Mary Wells Lawrence, Howard Luck Gossage, Bill Bernbach, David Ogilvy, Leo Burnett, Helen Lansdowne Resor, Hal Riney and others who have made significant contributions to the craft. For instance, ad geeks know, but not everyone working in advertising today knows who Hal Riney is or the role he played in helping to elect Ronald Reagan as President of the United States.
“Morning in America” is a legendary TV ad for good reason. It features Riney’s own soothing but powerful voice, so the writer and the reader are one. That doesn’t happen every day. The spot is also one of the more optimistic political ads of all time. In a category dominated by negativity and by policy details, Riney helped Reagan reach people where it matters—in their hearts and minds.
Look Through the Lens of History
I like to explore the places where advertising industry history and American history converge. Advertising is a powerful force in modern society. The makers don’t make in isolation or in an ivory tower.
Last week, I wrote about the Helen Lansdowne Resor Scholarship that the newly named Wunderman Thompson (post-merger) grants to five creative women each year.
The scholarship’s namesake was the first woman to be inducted into the Advertising Hall of Fame. Lansdowne Resor began her half-century-long career with J. Walter Thompson in 1908, and quickly became a champion for the advancement of women’s rights both inside and outside the agency.
Try for a minute to imagine what it was like to be the first woman to work as a copywriter. Try to imagine being a groundbreaker, and in possession of more talent than nine out of ten men around you.
Pink Air Is A Concept
One of the goals of the workshops is to create a greater understanding of the fundamentals of advertising. For a creative working in advertising, nothing is more fundamental than the concept.
Howard Luck Gossage, a.k.a. “The Socrates of San Francisco,” ran his agency from a converted firehouse in San Francisco. He was a fan of conceptual thinking.
A strong concept injects life into an advertising idea.
Once upon a time, Gossage asked, “What if?” What if we offer people a reason to stop for gas that’s above and beyond the mundane? What if we make up an imaginary perk for stopping at FINA, but a perk that is so imaginative that it seems real and drives traffic to the filling stations?
Gossage is the ad man who said, “Nobody reads advertising. People read what interests them, and sometimes it’s an ad.” In the case of his agency’s FINA ad, people read about pink air, and if they had a sense of humor and an appetite for the absurd, they breezed through the copy and concluded that FINA would be a fine place for refueling.
Bringing It All Back Home
Legions of intelligent people in the know have commented on the decline of creativity in today’s advertising outputs. When asked what is the biggest challenge for Ogilvy in the next 10 years, Roy Sutherland, Ogilvy UK’s Vice Chair, coolly replied: “Oh. I think that the whole advertising industry has totally lost the plot. It has become obsessed with that part of advertising which is a media targeting and optimization process. The creative agencies are essentially guilty of a kind of ‘Stockholm Syndrome’ to the media agencies where they think it’s all about optimization of something. I would argue something completely contrary, which is that efficiency and effectiveness in much marketing activity may be inversely correlated.”
Sutherland is advocating for the playful sandbox where innovation and new ideas happen because he knows you can’t optimize your way to brand love. You have to charm people, involve people, and move people.
Practical Methods for Dreamers
The workshops will help connect the dots for creative people. We will show how today’s living advertising legends are carrying the torch for the industry’s forebearers. We will also explore big questions, like:
- What happened to the Creative Revolution? Is it still alive today?
- Why was the Creative Revolution necessary in the first place?
- How has digital d
isruptionchanged the score, seemingly forever?
- Now that we’ve been disrupted, what comes next?
For someone like me who started my agency career in the mid-1990s, marker comps are a given. For today’s art directors and copywriters, all work (other than meetings) tends to happen at the screen. One of the reasons relying on marker comps today is more important than ever is to provide the creative person the necessary distance from the screen.
There’s a faulty notion afloat that all the answers to all the questions that anyone will ever have are found inside the machine. Google does not know all. To figure things out and to think freely, people must move around the room, go for a walk, and sketch random thoughts on a pad. During the workshops, we will do all this and more.